A graphic novel writer is a relatively new career, and the term “graphic novel” first appeared in print in 1976. However, a graphic novel writer existed as far back as the 1920s. The novel format does not have a standard definition and is open to interpretation. However, it can be roughly defined as a novel, which is presented in comic-book form, complete with panel-by-panel illustrations.
Though the format itself is very similar to the comic book format, the term was coined with the intention of นิยาย making it a separate genre. There is very little difference between a comic book and a graphic novel. Although sequels in comic books are often an extended or serialized continuation of a story, graphic novels often complete a story in a single issue. In addition, a standard comic is bound in a thin paper cover, whereas the other comes in longer, long-lasting formats.
The term graphic novel writer refers to the writer of a graphic novel and not the artist who designs and draws illustrations. However, it was the famous comic book artist Gil Kane who along with comic book writer Archie Goodwin first conceived this novel form. After experimenting with the idea in “His name is… Savage,” they came up with what is considered by many to be the first graphic novel, “Blackmark.” Together, they penned adaptations of several famous series and movies such as “Star Wars,” “Close Encounters of the Third Kind,” and “Blade Runner.”
In other countries, the graphic novelist developed preexisting, traditional formats. In Japan, a format called the “Manga” has long been popular. The word, which originally meant “whimsical drawings,” is now famous as a graphic format for novels in Japan, Taiwan, South Korea, and China. There is no restriction on the themes and subjects chosen in this format, and they can range from drama, romance, comedy, science fiction, fantasy, horror, mystery, and erotic among others. Characters in this format are often depicted as having large eyes and small noses, and this style is said to have been inspired by the early Disney drawings.
In the United States, the early forms of these novels were literally graphical versions of popular novels such as “The Three Musketeers.” In order to fit these novels into the moulds of a graphics, graphic novel writers altered the novels in several places and presented them with words and illustrations. These days, the novels contain original content but often contain violence and explicit sexuality. Graphic novelists must partner with artists to complete the final novel.